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Comprehensive Opioid, Stimulant, and Substance Abuse Site-Based Program (COSSAP)


Additional Links

Notice of Funding Opportunity (


Application Deadline: Jul 7, 2021

Sponsoring Organization

Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA)


Offers financial aid and technical assistance to states, local governments, and Indian tribal governments to plan, develop, and implement comprehensive efforts to identify, respond to, treat, and support those impacted by the use of illicit opioids, stimulants, and other substances. Aims to reduce substance misuse, overdose deaths, and their effects on crime victims by connecting individuals involved with the criminal justice system to various treatment, supervision, and recovery support services.

COSSAP funding consists of two categories:

  1. Category 1: Local or tribal applications - promotes the creation of comprehensive and locally managed opioid crisis responses to increase access to substance use services; assist law enforcement and first responders with diverting nonviolent drug offenders; support education and prevention activities; and address the impacts of substance abuse on children.
  2. Category 2: State applications - funds state efforts to implement and enhance program activities in a minimum of six geographically diverse counties, localities, or regions. Category 2 applicants apply on behalf of localities, tribal entities, or regions within a state and assist with project implementation.

Program activities under categories 1 and 2 include:

  • Prebooking or postbooking treatment alternative-to-incarceration programs for individuals at high risk for overdose or substance abuse
  • Law enforcement and other first responder diversion programs
  • Education and prevention programs connecting law enforcement with K-12 students
  • Embedding social services with law enforcement for rapid response to drug overdoses where children are affected
  • Comprehensive, regional information collection, analysis, and dissemination in real time
  • Naloxone for law enforcement and other first responders
  • Take-back programs for unused controlled substances found in the home and used by hospitals and long-term care facilities
  • Evidence-based treatment, including medication-assisted treatment (MAT), and recovery support services, such as transitional/recovery housing and peer recovery support services
  • Court-based intervention programs or family court programming that provides treatment and recovery services for individuals at high risk of overdose

Additional information on category 1 and 2 objectives and deliverables can be found in the funding announcement.

COSSAP fact sheet

Amount of Funding

Category 1 award ceilings:

  • Subcategory 1a: $1,200,000 per project
  • Subcategory 1b: $900,000 per project
  • Subcategory 1c: $600,000 per project

Category 2 award ceiling: $6,000,000 per project

Project period: 36 months
Estimated number of awards: 110
Estimated total program funding: $163,000,000

Who Can Apply

Eligible Category 1 applicants are limited to:

  • City, township, or county governments
  • Federally recognized Indian tribal governments

Jurisdictions without a county or local government-based addiction service system may select the State Administering Agency (SAA) to act as the primary applicant. All category 1 applicants must apply under the appropriate subcategory based on the population of the proposed project area:

  • Subcategory 1a: Urban area or large county with a population greater than 500,000
  • Subcategory 1b: Suburban area or medium-size county with a population between 100,000 and 500,000
  • Subcategory 1c: Rural area or small county with a population of fewer than 100,000 or a federally recognized Indian tribe

For this opportunity, a rural area is defined as:

  • Any area or community no part of which is located within an area designated as a standard metropolitan statistical area (MSA) by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB)
  • Any area or community that is within an OMB designated MSA and located in a rural census tract
  • Any federally recognized Indian tribe

Eligible Category 2 applicants are limited to:

  • The SAA responsible for directing criminal justice planning
  • The State Alcohol and Substance Abuse Agency
  • Other state agencies appropriate for the scope for the project

Category 2 grantees must use grant funds to select and provide subawards to local communities, regions, or tribal entities within their state.

Program-specific priority for funding is given to applicants serving states or regions within a state disproportionately impacted by illicit opioid, stimulant, or other substance abuse. Disproportionate impact is demonstrated by:

  • A high rate of primary treatment admissions for heroin or other opioids
  • High rates of overdose deaths
  • Lack of accessibility to treatment providers/facilities and emergency medical services

Policy priority consideration is given to applicants who propose projects that will promote civil rights, increase access to justice, support crime victims, protect the public from crime and evolving threats, and build trust between law enforcement and the community.

To receive priority consideration, applicants must provide a sufficient narrative explanation describing how their project will advance work in one or more of the priority areas listed above.

Priority is also given to applicants who propose projects to benefit individuals in high-poverty areas or persistent-poverty counties.

To receive a poverty priority consideration, applicants must provide information to demonstrate that the individuals who are intended to benefit from the requested grant reside in high-poverty areas or persistent poverty counties.

For this funding opportunity, high-poverty areas are described as any census tract with a poverty rate of at least 20%, as measured by the 2013-2017 5-year data series from the American Community Survey. Persistent poverty counties are described as any county that has had 20% or more of its population living in poverty over the past 30 years, as measured by the 1990 and 2000 decennial censuses and the most recent Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates.

In fiscal year (FY) 2021, all state, local, and university and college law enforcement agencies must be certified by an approved independent credentialing body or have started the certification process in order to be eligible for grant funding.

Geographic Coverage


What This Program Funds

Capacity Building • Equipment • New Program • Operating Costs and Staffing • Training Providers

Application Process

Application instructions, requirements, and other information can be found in the funding announcement.

In FY 2021, there is a new two-step application submission process. To be considered timely, the applicant must have received a validation message from the submission and the full application must be submitted in JustGrants by the respective deadlines.

  • Step 1: Applicants will submit an SF-424 and an SF-LLL in by the July 7, 2021 deadline.
  • Step 2: Applicants will submit the full application, including attachments, in the JustGrants grants management system by the July 9, 2021 deadline.

Applicant webinar recording and slides
Applicant frequently asked questions


For questions on submitting in

For questions on submitting in JustGrants:

For programmatic and technical questions:
National Criminal Justice Reference Service (NCJRS) Response Center
TTY at 301-240-6310
Live chat

Rural Awards

Rural communities who received Category 1 funding in FY 2020 include:

  • Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians in Peshawbestown, Michigan received funding to provide substance use services and recovery support for adolescent and adult tribal residents in 6 rural counties in northwest Michigan who are experiencing depression, trauma, suicide ideation, and co-occurring disorders.
  • County of Oconee in South Carolina was awarded funds to design and implement a collaborative intervention strategy that provides treatment alternative-to-incarceration programs, recovery support services, medication-assisted treatment to individuals at high risk for substance use disorders and/or overdose.
  • Koyukuk Native Village in Alaska used funding to carry out alcohol and substance use education and prevention activities for 387 tribal members to reduce the likelihood of substance misuse and reentry into the justice system, and to promote the overall safety and well-being of the community.
  • County of Screven in Georgia received funding to address substance use issues among justice-involved individuals by conducting needs assessment to identify and prioritize services; expanding diversion and treatment alternative-to-incarceration programs; and implementing an evidence-based prevention program.
  • County of Clay in North Carolina used grant funds to ensure timely access to medication-assisted treatment, recovery supports and social services for justice-involved individuals with substance use issues and their families living in three rural counties in western North Carolina. The program also addresses trauma and stress in children to help prevent substance use and mental health issues later in life.
  • Upper Sioux Indian Community in Granite Falls, Minnesota was awarded funds to provide cross-training on current and historical trauma, substance abuse, Native approaches to addiction, and other topics to law enforcement, health services and social services staff, and external partners in order to develop a comprehensive approach to addressing opioid and other substance use issues in the community. The program will also create supportive and transitional housing options for those in need.

Topics This Program Addresses

American Indians, Alaska Natives, and Native Hawaiians • Community Supervision • Crime Reduction • Harm Reduction • Healthcare Workforce • Justice System • Medication-Assisted Treatment (MAT) • Mental Health • Naloxone • Opioids • Overdose Prevention • Prevention • Recovery • Substance Use Disorder • Treatment