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Comprehensive Opioid, Stimulant, and Substance Abuse Site-Based Program (COSSAP)


Additional Links

Notice of Funding Opportunity (


Application Deadline: Jun 5, 2020

Sponsoring Organization

Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA)


Offers financial aid and technical assistance to states, local governments, and Indian tribal governments to plan, develop, and implement comprehensive efforts to identify, respond to, treat, and support those impacted by the use of illicit opioids, stimulants, and other substances. Aims to reduce substance misuse, overdose deaths, and their effects on crime victims by connecting individuals involved with the criminal justice system to various treatment, supervision, and recovery support services.

COSSAP funding consists of two categories:

  1. Category 1: Local or tribal applications - promotes the creation of comprehensive and locally managed opioid crisis responses to increase access to substance use services; assist law enforcement and first responders with diverting nonviolent drug offenders; support education and prevention activities; and address the impacts of substance abuse on children.
  2. Category 2: State applications - funds state efforts to implement and enhance program activities in a minimum of six geographically diverse counties, localities, or regions. Category 2 applicants apply on behalf of localities, tribal entities, or regions within a state and assist with project implementation.

Program activities under categories 1 and 2 include:

  • Prebooking or postbooking treatment alternative-to-incarceration programs for individuals at high risk for overdose or substance abuse
  • Law enforcement and other first responder diversion programs
  • Education and prevention programs connecting law enforcement with K-12 students
  • Embedding social services with law enforcement for rapid response to drug overdoses where children are affected
  • Comprehensive, regional information collection, analysis, and dissemination in real time
  • Naloxone for law enforcement and other first responders
  • Take-back programs for unused controlled substances found in the home and used by hospitals and long-term care facilities
  • Evidence-based treatment, including medication-assisted treatment (MAT), and recovery support services, such as transitional/recovery housing and peer recovery support services
  • Court-based intervention programs or family court programming that provides treatment and recovery services for individuals at high risk of overdose

Additional information on category 1 and 2 objectives and deliverables can be found in the program guidance.

Priority consideration will be given to applicants serving states or regions within a state disproportionately impacted by illicit opioid, stimulant, or other substance abuse. Disproportionate impact is demonstrated by:

  • A high rate of primary treatment admissions for heroin or other opioids
  • High rates of overdose deaths
  • Lack of accessibility to treatment providers/facilities and emergency medical services

COSSAP fact sheet

Amount of Funding

Category 1 award ceilings:

  • Subcategory 1a: $1,200,000 per project
  • Subcategory 1b: $900,000 per project
  • Subcategory 1c: $600,000 per project

Category 2 award ceiling: $6,000,000 per project

Project period: 36 months
Estimated number of awards: 120
Estimated total program funding: $156,000,000

Who Can Apply

Eligible Category 1 applicants are limited to:

  • Units of local government
  • Federally recognized Indian tribal governments

Jurisdictions without a county or local government-based addiction service system may select the State Administering Agency (SAA) to act as the primary applicant. All category 1 applicants must apply under the appropriate subcategory based on the population of the proposed project area:

  • Subcategory 1a: Urban area or large county with a population greater than 500,000
  • Subcategory 1b: Suburban area or medium-size county with a population between 100,000 and 500,000
  • Subcategory 1c: Rural area or small county with a population of fewer than 100,000 or a federally recognized Indian tribe

For this opportunity, a rural area is defined as:

  • Any area or community no part of which is located within an area designated as a standard metropolitan statistical area (MSA) by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB)
  • Any area or community that is within an OMB designated MSA and located in a rural census tract
  • Any federally recognized Indian tribe

Eligible Category 2 applicants are limited to:

  • The SAA responsible for directing criminal justice planning
  • The State Alcohol and Substance Abuse Agency
  • Other state agencies appropriate for the scope for the project

Category 2 grantees must use grant funds to select and provide subawards to local communities, regions, or tribal entities within their state.

Priority is given to applicants who propose to address challenges in rural communities, benefit individuals in high-poverty areas or persistent-poverty counties, and enhance public safety in economically distressed communities or Qualified Opportunity Zones.

To receive a rural priority consideration, applicants must describe:

  • What makes the geographic service area rural using U.S. Census Bureau or other appropriate government data
  • How isolated that area is from needed services
  • How they will address specific public safety challenges in rural communities

To receive a poverty priority consideration, applicants provide information to demonstrate that the individuals who are intended to benefit from the requested grant reside in high-poverty areas or persistent poverty counties.

For this funding opportunity, high-poverty areas are described as any census tract with a poverty rate of at least 20%, as measured by the 2013-2017 5-year data series from the American Community Survey. Persistent poverty counties are described as any county that has had 20% or more of its population living in poverty over the past 30 years, as measured by the 1990 and 2000 decennial censuses and the most recent Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates.

To receive a priority consideration for a Qualified Opportunity Zone, applicants must include information that specifies how the project will enhance public safety in a specified Qualified Opportunity Zone.

Geographic Coverage


What This Program Funds

Capacity Building • Equipment • New Program • Operating Costs and Staffing • Training Providers

Application Process

Application instructions, requirements, and other information can be found in the funding announcement.

Applicant webinar recording and slides
Tribal applicant webinar recording and slides


For programmatic and technical questions:
National Criminal Justice Reference Service (NCJRS) Response Center
TTY at 301-240-6310
Live chat

Rural Awards

Rural communities who received Category 1 funding in FY 2019 include:

  • Hyde County Health Department in North Carolina used funds to execute a regional peer support service project to increase the number of certified peer support specialists and groups and raise the number of prevention, treatment, and recovery service referrals.
  • Bristol Bay Native Association in Dillingham county, Alaska used funds to determine and respond to gaps in opioid-related services by forming an outreach/quick response team to connect overdose survivors with substance use disorder (SUD) treatment services.
  • County of Page in Virginia used grant funds to create the Page County Cognitive Mental Health and Substance Abuse Treatment Project to deliver cognitive behavioral treatment to individuals involved with the criminal justice system because of opioid use.
  • Wyoming County in Pennsylvania used funds to develop a peer recovery support program to make treatment more accessible to survivors of overdose and their families.
  • Appalachian District Health Department in Alleghany County, North Carolina used grant money to enhance existing opioid and other substance use treatment services for offenders, form a Law Enforcement Assisted Diversion (LEAD) program, establish peer support services in local justice systems, and more.
  • County of Juneau in Wisconsin partnered with the Juneau County Department of Human Services to establish a jail-based SUD program with grant funds.
  • County of Adams in Ohio used funds to perform and improve SUD services, such as peer recovery support for individuals returning to communities from incarceration, medication-assisted treatment (MAT), formation of an Overdose Fatality Review Committee, and more.
  • Native Village of Port Heiden in Lake and Peninsula counties of Alaska used grant funds to purchase marine and land equipment to assist with controlling and intercepting the transportation of illegal substances, establish transitional substance free housing, and enhance youth services.

Topics This Program Addresses

American Indians, Alaska Natives, and Native Hawaiians • Community Supervision • Crime Reduction • Harm Reduction • Healthcare Workforce • Justice System • Medication-Assisted Treatment (MAT) • Mental Health • Naloxone • Opioids • Overdose Prevention • Prevention • Recovery • Substance Use Disorder • Treatment