Comprehensive Opioid, Stimulant, and Substance Use Site-Based Program (COSSUP)


Additional Links

Notice of Funding Opportunity (
Solicitation Overview


Application Deadline: Jul 1, 2024


Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA)


Offers financial aid and technical assistance to states, local governments, and Native American tribal governments to develop, implement, and expand comprehensive efforts to identify, respond to, treat, and support those impacted by the use and misuse of opioids, stimulants, and other substances. Aims to reduce substance misuse, overdose deaths, and their effects on crime victims by increasing collaboration among community stakeholders to deliver various treatment, supervision, and recovery support services that are evidence based and culturally appropriate to individuals involved with the criminal justice system and their family members. Includes community-based prevention and harm reduction efforts, as well as emergency response programs, diversion, court-based or prison/jail-based programs and services to enhance community safety and support historically underserved and marginalized populations affected by substance misuse.

Comprehensive Opioid, Stimulant, and Substance Use Site-Based Program (COSSUP) funding consists of 2 categories:

  1. Category 1 - Local Jurisdictions: Supports the development of COSSUP initiatives in urban, suburban, rural, and tribal jurisdictions
  2. Category 2 - States: Funds state efforts to implement and enhance program activities in 1 or more of the allowable program activities in a minimum of 6 geographically diverse county, local, regional, or tribal jurisdictions. Category 2 applicants apply on behalf of localities, tribal entities, or regions within a state and assist with project implementation.

Program activities under categories 1 and 2 include:

  • Prebooking or postbooking treatment alternative-to-incarceration programs for individuals at high risk for overdose or substance use disorder
  • Law enforcement and other first responder deflection and diversion programs
  • Substance misuse education and prevention programs connecting law enforcement with K-12 students
  • Embedding social workers, peers, and/or persons with lived experience at any intercept of the Sequential Intercept Model to help persons with justice involvement and their families navigate the justice system and connect them to treatment and recovery services
  • Comprehensive, regional information collection, analysis, and dissemination in real time
  • Naloxone for law enforcement, first responders, jail staff, and other justice system practitioners
  • Take back programs for unused controlled substances found in the home and used by hospitals, long-term care, and other facilities
  • Evidence-based treatment, including medication-assisted treatment (MAT), contingency management, and motivational interviewing, harm reduction activities, and recovery support services for pre-trial and post-trial populations in and leaving local or regional jails or secure residential treatment facilities
  • Transitional or recovery housing and recovery support services, including peer recovery
  • Court programming that provides treatment and recovery services for individuals at high risk of overdose, and services for children and youth impacted by parents' or family members' substance use
  • Field-initiated projects that bring together justice, behavioral health, and public health practitioners to implement new or promising practices to address opioids, stimulants, and other substances among the target population

Projects should include a multidisciplinary coordinating body such as a criminal justice coordinating council, prevention coalition, or overdose fatality review that is comprised of key community stakeholders, including public safety, public health, behavioral health, K-12 education, family services, local government, and nonprofit services agencies.

Additional information on category 1 and 2 objectives and deliverables can be found in the funding announcement.

Amount of Funding

Category 1 award ceilings:

  • Subcategory 1a: $1,600,000 per project
  • Subcategory 1b: $1,300,000 per project
  • Subcategory 1c: $1,000,000 per project

Category 2 award ceiling: $7,000,000 per project

Project period: 36 months
Estimated number of awards: 76
Estimated total program funding: $127,300,000

An estimated 24 awards will be made under Category 1c for applicants located in rural or tribal areas.

Who Can Apply

Eligible Category 1 applicants are limited to:

  • City, township, or county governments
  • Federally recognized Native American tribal governments

Jurisdictions without a county or local government-based substance use treatment service system may select the state administering agency (SAA) to act as the primary applicant. All category 1 applicants must apply under the appropriate subcategory based on the population of the proposed project area:

  • Subcategory 1a: Urban area or large jurisdiction with a population greater than 500,000
  • Subcategory 1b: Suburban area or medium-size jurisdiction with a population between 100,000 and 500,000
  • Subcategory 1c: Rural jurisdiction with a population of fewer than 100,000 or a federally recognized Indian tribe

For this opportunity, a rural area is defined as a jurisdiction in which all or part of a county is either entirely rural or is an urban or suburban county that contains rural census tracts as identified by the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) Rural Health Grants Eligibility Analyzer.

Eligible Category 2 applicants are limited to:

  • The SAA responsible for directing criminal justice planning
  • The state alcohol and substance use agency
  • Other state agencies appropriate for the scope for the project

Category 2 grantees are required to include a research partnership, and grant funds must be used to select and provide subawards to local communities, regions, or tribal entities within their state.

Priority consideration is given to proposals that:

  • Advance equity and remove barriers to accessing services and opportunities for communities that have been historically underserved, marginalized, adversely affected by inequality, and disproportionately impacted by crime, violence, and victimization
  • Include a research partnership for Category 1 applicants
  • Demonstrate a greater than 50% annual increase in recent drug-related overdose deaths, based on local- or state-level overdose death data related to opioids and/or stimulants for the years 2021 and 2022, as well as 2023, if available

Geographic Coverage


What This Program Funds

Capacity Building • Equipment • New Program • Operating Costs and Staffing • Training Providers

Application Process

Application instructions, requirements, and other information can be found in the funding announcement.

Applications must be submitted electronically through a 2-step process:

  • Step 1: Applicants will submit an SF-424 and an SF-LLL in by the July 1, 2024 deadline.
  • Step 2: Applicants will submit the full application, including attachments, in the JustGrants grants management system by the July 8, 2024 deadline.

Applicant webinar recording and slides


For questions on submitting in

For questions on submitting in JustGrants:

For programmatic and technical questions:
Office of Justice Programs (OJP) Response Center
TTY at 301-240-6310

Rural Awards

Past awards communities received in fiscal year 2023 can be found on the program website.

Rural communities who have received funding include:

Topics This Program Addresses

American Indians, Alaska Natives, and Native Hawaiians • Community Planning and Coalition Building • Community Supervision • Crime Reduction • Harm Reduction • Healthcare Workforce • Justice System • Medication-Assisted Treatment (MAT) • Mental Health • Naloxone • Opioids • Overdose Prevention • Prevention • Recovery • Substance Use Disorder • Treatment